Here’s an excerpt:
The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018 presents FAO’s official world fishery and aquaculture statistics. Global fish production* peaked at about 171 million tonnes in 2016, with aquaculture representing 47 percent of the total and 53 percent, if non-food uses (including reduction to fishmeal and fish oil) are excluded. With capture fishery production relatively static since the late 1980s, aquaculture has been responsible for the continuing impressive growth in the supply of fish for human consumption.
Global total capture fisheries production was 90.9 million tonnes in 2016, a small decrease in comparison to the two previous years. World total marine catch was 81.2 million tonnes in 2015 and 79.3 million tonnes in 2016. Catches of anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) by Peru and Chile, which are often substantial yet highly variable because of the influence of El Niño, accounted for 1.1 million tonnes of this decrease (Tables 2 and 3). Decreasing catches affected 64 percent of the 25 top producer countries (China, Indonesia, United States of America, Russian Federation, Peru, India, Japan, Viet Nam, Norway, Philippines, Malaysia, Chile, Morocco, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Mexico, Myanmar, Iceland, Spain, Canada, Taiwan, Province of China, Argentina, Ecuador, United Kingdom, Denmark ), but only 37 percent of the remaining 170 countries.
Total marine catches by China, the world’s top producer by far, were stable in 2016, but the inclusion of a progressive catch reduction policy in the national Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for 2016–2020 is expected to result in significant decreases in coming years, with a predicted reduction of more than 5 million tonnes by 2020. As in 2014, Alaska pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) again surpassed anchoveta as the top species in 2016,with the highest catches since 1998. However, preliminary data for 2017 showed a significant recovery of anchoveta catches. Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) ranked third for the seventh consecutive year. All the most valuable species groups with significant production – lobsters, gastropods, crabs and shrimps, with an estimated average value by group of USD 8 800 to USD 3 800 per tonne – marked a new catch record in 2016.
Total global catch in inland waters was 11.6 million tonnes in 2016, an increase of 2.0 percent over the previous year and of 10.5 percent in comparison to the 2005–2014 average. In 2016, 16 countries, mostly in Asia, produced almost 80 percent of these catches. The continuously increasing trend of inland fisheries production may be misleading, however, as some of the increase can be attributed to improved reporting and assessment at the country level and may not be entirely due to increased production.